Encyclopedia

Encyclopedia

There are over 4,900 types of minerals found throughout the world, and some even come to us as meteorites from outer space!

Below is a list of minerals that we may carry in our business. Select a mineral to learn more…

Amethyst – A form of quartz purple in colour due to traces of ferric iron.
Agate – A form of quartz with characteristic bands.
Amber – Fossilized tree resin.
Amazonite – Turquoise-coloured, also known as the Amazon Stone.
Ammolite – A biogenic gemstone that forms on the shells of the extinct Ammonite.
Aquamarine – Gem-quality and translucent, light-blue beryl mineral.
Aragonite – Calcium-carbonate crystals that flower from a single point.
Aventurine – A form of quartz, usually green in colour.

Bismuth – A chemical element (Bi).
Black Tourmaline – Silicate crystal rich in iron, though brittle.
Bloodstone – A form of chalcedony also known as Heliotrope.
Blue Topaz – Rare, gem-quality topaz.
Boji Stones – Usually refers to a trademarked rock concretion used for meditation.

Calcite – A calcium carbonate mineral. Clear calcite crystals were used in the study of optics.
Caledonite – Sulfate-carbonate mineral.
Carborundum – A silicon carbide mineral that rarely crystallizes in nature.
Carnelian – A form of chalcedony, found as an infill between other minerals.
Chalcedony – Grayish blue, white, or pale brown silica dioxide.
Citrine – A form of quartz usually known as bright golden-yellow in colour.
Clear Quartz – Also known as ‘rock crystal’, it’s the second-most abundant mineral in the world.

Desert Rose – Brittle crystals of gypsum and barite minerals.
Diamond, Herkimer – See Herkimer Diamond.
Dolomite – Curved crystals of calcium magnesium carbonate.

Elestial – A form of quartz also known as Skeletal, Jacare or Crocodile Quartz.
Emerald – A precious gemstone green in colour.

Fluorite – Calcium fluoride mineral, also known as fluorspar.

Garnet – A silicate mineral known for its deep red colour.
Gold – A precious metal and chemical element (Au).

Hematite – An iron oxide mineral.
Herkimer Diamond – Double-terminated quartz crystal.
Herkimer Diamond
Heliotrope – A form of chalcedony also known as Bloodstone.

Iolite – Gem-quality mineral with a deep, sapphire colour.
Illite – Also known as Mica.
Iignite – Also known as Jet.

Jasper – A silica mineral that comes in a great variety of patterns.
Jet – Lightweight type of mineral formed under decaying wood.

Kyanite – Flat, long prismatic blue crystals. Also known as Disthene.
Kunzite – Gem-quality silicate mineral with characteristic etched marks.

Labradorite – named after its occurrence in Labrador, Canada.
Lepidolite – A form of mica and second-best source of lithium.

Malachite – A carbonate mineral rich-green in colour.
Mica – Sheet silicate mineral forming scale-shaped crystals.
Milky Quartz – Most common form of quartz.
Moldavite – Natural glass rocks believed to have impacted earth as meteorites 15 million years ago.
Moonstone – A potassium aluminium silicate mineral with a white-blue sheen.
Moqui Balls – Iron rock concretions also known as “Moqui Marbles” or “Kansas pop rocks”.

Obsidian – Volcanic glass that does not crystallize.
Orthoceras – A fossilized squid-like creature that lived nearly 500 million years ago.

Pearl – A biogenic gemstone (calcium carbonate) that forms on the shells of mollusks.
Petrified Wood – Wood and minerals fused together by lightning.
Pyrite – Also known as Fool’s Gold.

Rose Quartz – A form of quartz recognized for its soft pink hue and as the universal “love stone”.
Ruby – A precious gemstone in a bright pinkish to dark-red hue.
Rutilated Quartz – A form of quartz that contains hair-like inclusions of titanium dioxide.

Silver – A chemical element (Ag) that sees a host of uses today and in antiquity.
Sodalite – Known for its rich blue colour, typically with streaks of white veins or dark patches.
Sulfur – A chemical element (S) in a bright lemon-yellow colour.

Tiger Eye – Popularly displays chatoyancy, a “Cat’s Eye” effect  from parallel-running reflective fibres.
Topaz – Clear silicate mineral that may come in a variety of colours due to impurities.
Tourmaline – Grows in long columns with striated faces; black and watermelon tourmaline are popular varieties.
Trilobite – An extinct marine creature whose fossils are found throughout the world.
Turquoise – With a blue-green hue, it was prized as a gemstone in ancient times.

Watermelon Tourmaline – Tri-coloured gemstone often cut into jewellery.

Zincite – Crystallized zinc oxide that occurs rarely in nature.